Club Spotlight: Burnley

We started our Lancashire club spotlight travels with a step back in time to look at the early days of Preston North End. In the second of the series, another of Lancashire’s great clubs come into focus: it’s the turn of Burnley.

Burnley were founded in 1882, but initially only played a series of friendly matches. That was to change in 1886, when they first entered the FA Cup. Their ever performance in the FA Cup probably wasn’t a match that those involved would have wished to remember: an 11-0 thrashing at the hands of Darwen Old Wanderers saw the team sent back home.

There’s no shame, of course, in losing to a very good side. Darwen Old Wanderers went on to a record a 2-1 win against Accrington, before losing to eventual winners Blackburn Rovers in the Third Round. Blackburn, of course, being another great Lancashire club and one for a future spotlight series article!

Burnley were to become one of the founder members of the Football League, competing in season 1888-89. The eagle eyed among you will recall that Preston were to take the title that year, but what of Burnley?

Burnley were to find life much more difficult: it didn’t help that they found them up against Preston in the very first game. A 5-2 loss at Deepdale was to set the pattern for the remainder of the season, although they were to beat Bolton Wanderers home and away early in the season. For trivia enthusiasts this means that:

  • Burnley’s first ever league win was achieved against Bolton Wanderers
  • Burnley’s first ever away league win was achieved against Bolton Wanderers
  • Burnley’s first ever home league win was also achieved against Bolton Wanderers

They did achieve a spirited 2-2 draw against Preston in December, but ultimately finished 9th in the 12-team division. As a result of that finish, Burnley were forced to apply for re-election to the league. They were successful in doing so (as were the 3 teams to finish below them).

The FA Cup campaign of 1889 saw them start with a 4-3 home win against Old Westminsters in February. The second round brought a trip to West Bromwich Albion: a tricky and yet not impossible tie, it might have seemed. West Bromwich won by a convincing 5-1 margin. Earlier in the season, Burnley had defeated West Bromwich in a league game.

Back in the league for a second season, Burnley were to struggle once more. Indeed, only the dire form of Stoke saved Burnley from bottom spot and relegation to the Football Alliance. A First Round FA Cup exit meant that the cup brought little solace. This was a tough start to life with the big boys for Burnley.

Over the course of the next few years, the struggles were to continue. The team could finish no higher than 5th in the Football League, while also failing to get past the Second Round of the FA Cup.

In 1897, Burnley finished bottom of the First Division, with just 19 points (leaving them 4 points adrift of Sunderland). With only 6 wins having been achieved during the season, relegation was inevitable.

The stay in the Second Division was, however, to prove brief. Beaten just twice in the league all season, Burnley were able to lead a procession to the title, with only Newcastle United coming close.

In the FA Cup, a First Round victory over Woolwich Arsenal was followed by a 3-0 victory over Burslem Port Vale. Burnley were eventually defeated by Everton of the First Division, with a 3-1 scoreline in the Third Round seeing the team exit the cup.

Overall, however, this had been the best season that Burnley had experienced in some time. How would they deal with a return to the First Division?

What followed was to prove impressive. In a tight league campaign, Burnley were extremely competitive, eventually finishing 3rd. With only Aston Villa and Liverpool above them in the table, this was even better than the most ardent followers of the team might realistically have hoped for. Despite another First Round exit in the cup, Burnley were resurgent. Surely glory was just around the corner?

Season 1899-1900 was to prove disastrous. The Burnley side that had performed so well the previous season appeared to fall apart, suffering 18 defeats during the season. While Aston Villa retained the title, Burnley were relegated alongside Glossop. A return to the Second Division had been unexpected and this time it would prove more difficult to bounce back.

Burnley spent the next 13 consecutive seasons in the Second Division, only returning to the First Division in 1913-14. Bert Freeman’s goals secured promotion and helped to steady the ship once they were back in the top flight: Freeman scored 32 goals in 1912, followed by 36 goals in the promotion-winning campaign of 1913.

In 1913, as the team sought promotion, they also embarked upon a cup run.

By this time, the FA Cup had expanded in nature. In the First Round, Burnley travelled to Yorkshire and defeated Leeds City 3-2 in a close-fought tie.

The Second Round saw a regulation win over Gainsborough Trinity, before the Third Round draw saw Burnley paired with Middlesbrough. Middlesbrough, then of the First Division, represented a considerable challenge. Burnley recorded a 3-1 win, bringing them into contact with high flying Blackburn Rovers.

Blackburn had been losing cup semi finalists the previous season and went on to finish 5th in the First Division. In March 1913, a single goal condemned them to a home defeat and Burnley had reached a semi final of their own.

The two semi finals both took place on 29 March 1913. Aston Villa defeated Oldham Athletic 1-0 at Ewood Park, the home of Blackburn Rovers. In the final, Aston Villa would face the winners of the clash between Burnley and Sunderland. Sunderland started at the match as favourites, as they were on their way to winning the First Division title that year.

The favourites tag may have weighed more heavily on their shoulders than expected: at Bramall Lane, the two closely matched teams played out a 0-0 draw. A replay would be required and took place at St Andrew’s a few days later. Once again, Burnley played well. Ultimately, they were narrowly beaten 3-2. Later that month, more than 120,000 spectators were at Crystal Palace to see Aston Villa lift the cup for the 5th time.

1913 had produced an extraordinary season and one that would be hard to beat. During 1914, with much attention understandably elsewhere, Burnley secured a robust 12th spot in the league. But they had enjoyed their previous year’s adventure in the FA Cup and were determined to perform well again.

Victories against South Shields and Derby County were enough to take Burnley through to the Third Round. Once there, Burnley found themselves against favoured Bolton Wanderers. Bolton would go on to finish above Burnley in the league, but it was Burnley who emerged triumphant from their cup clash.

The Fourth Round brought Burnley into contact with a familiar foe: Sunderland. The seem Sunderland who had defeated Burnley the previous year and who were the defending champions of England. Playing away from home, Burnley once more matched their illustrious opponents. As in the semi final a year earlier, the game finished goalless.

A replay would again be required, but this time the Lancastrians would have home advantage. That proved crucial, with Burnley recording a narrow 2-1 win. Once again, Burnley had arrived at the semi final stage.

The semi final was played at Old Trafford, where Burnley took on Sheffield United. The two teams were evenly matched, with a 0-0 draw meaning that a replay would be required. A few days later, a single goal in the replay at Goodison Park was enough to secure Burnley’s passage to the final.

On 25 April 1914, Burnley and Liverpool kicked off in the FA Cup Final at Crystal Palace. The 3 o’clock kick off was watched by some 72,778 spectators, with the match being refereed by Herbert Bamlett. Liverpool had caused a shock in the previous round by defeating the holders, Aston Villa.

Liverpool’s league form had been patchy though and they were to finish the season a point behind Burnley. The final league table was tight, with that single point allowing Burnley to finish 4 places higher.

These were two evenly matched teams. Neither side had ever won the FA Cup and there was much to play for.

In the circumstances, a tight match was to be expected. The match was of poor quality, but a fine strike by Burnley’s Bert Freeman was enough to secure victory. Watched by the onlooking king, Burnley had secured their first FA Cup win. In order to do so, they had also become the first team to beat 5 First Division opponents during their cup run. Victory was sweet.


Football Training: Changing Regimes

It’s been interesting to read the recent thoughts of Graeme Souness, the former Scotland international footballer, on the difficulties that he experienced during his time as manager of Liverpool. For those of a younger generation, who may only know Souness as a pundit on TV football coverage, it may be worthwhile offering a quick summary of his career.

Although he started as a trainee at Tottenham Hotspur, Souness would come to prominence during his time at Middlesbrough. The tough-tackling midfielder helped ‘Boro to promotion in 1974, scoring a hat-trick on the last day. But it was his transfer to Liverpool that really caught the attention of a much wider audience. As a Liverpool player, he achieved a truly incredible level of success, winning the league title on 5 separate occasions, together with 3 European Cups and 4 League Cup victories. Souness the player was to become a Liverpool legend.

As his career reached its latter stages, following a brief period with the Italian club, Sampdoria, Souness was to become the player manager at Glasgow Rangers. A rookie in the world of management, Souness found himself at the helm of a great club, but one which was suffering from something of a drought, in terms of league successes. He was appointed Rangers manager at the beginning of the 1986-87 season, with the club not having won the Scottish League Championship since 1978. In the meantime, their cross-city rivals Celtic (together with Aberdeen and Dundee United) had produced title-winning sides.

The task looked tough for Souness, but he set about using some of the methods that he’d picked up during his recent spell in Italy. His young players were expected to take better care of their diets and general fitness levels than had previously been the case. The players responded to his methods and the results were spectacular. Making use of a number of signings from the English leagues, Souness led Rangers to 3 league titles and 4 Scottish League Cup wins. With his successful managerial career growing, it was almost to be expected that Liverpool would come calling. According to Souness himself, he twice turned down chances to become the Liverpool manager, believing that it was too early in his managerial career.

When he did eventually take control at Anfield, he soon started to encounter. But it’s the natural of those difficulties that is perhaps most eye-opening for football fans today. He attempted to use a similar approach to that which had worked for him at Rangers, suggesting to the Liverpool players that they should take care of themselves. In particular, he highlighted that their enjoyment of fish and chips, plus post-match lagers, wasn’t the best way for them to make the most of their careers. The players were, however, largely unresponsive. In part, Souness put this down to the fact that they remembered how he had behaved during his time at the club, prior to changing his ways in Genoa.

The Souness story is not an isolated one. Today, how do we think that players prepare for matches and recover after them? We’re used to thinking of footballers spending time in the gym, maybe making use of rowing machines, weights, or the sort of treadmills reviewed by Shop Farinellis. This focus on fitness is regarded as being central to the success of professional players. Indeed, we might well extend that further and say that it is often perceived as being critical to many athletes – it’s now common place to see Sky cyclists hopping on to cycling machines after their rides, as part of their warm-down routine.

As far as diets are concerned, the days of enjoying a steak and chips prior to a match, as some players report was once the case, are also long gone. Arsene Wenger, the former Arsenal manager, is often credited with changing the approach and expectations in this area. But what of today’s amateur footballers? How about those playing in the Mid Lancashire Football League? It’s tempting to think that the professional game’s improvements in this area will have filtered down to the amateurs too, but we might suspect that varies from one club to the next.


Club Spotlight: Preston North End

Preston North End were founded back in 1863, but originally as a cricket club. In 1875 they moved to Deepdale (which remains their home ground to this day), but didn’t play their first game of football until 1878. They even dabbled, largely unsuccessfully, with rugby union prior to that point.

They were soon to become a professional club and were able to demonstrate the strength of their resources in the FA Cup of 1887. In a first round match they defeated Hyde by the incredible scoreline of 26-0. That remains a record winning margin by any team in English first-class, organised football.

The club were to become founder members of the Football League, winning the very first competition in 1888-89. During the season they played 22 league matches, winning 18 and drawing only 4. Their unbeaten season was not to be repeated by any side in England’s top flight until the Arsenal team coached by Arsene Wenger were able to replicate the feat more recently.

In that sort of form, the title was never in doubt. The side scored 74 goals during the season, with the prolific John Goodall recording 22 of them. A successful season was capped with victory in the FA Cup final, a 3-0 victory against Wolverhampton Wanderers. Goodall played in the final but, perhaps surprisingly, didn’t score that day.

The following season, expectations were understandably high. Defending both competitions was, however, to prove more difficult.

The league season started triumphantly with a 10-0 thrashing of Stoke City. A repeat of the previous season’s unbeaten march to the title seemed likely, but expectations were to come crashing down in the second match. A trip to Aston Villa saw another high scoring affair, but it was the home side who were to emerge victorious in a 5-3 thriller. Preston were to be in a fight for the title.

Regulation victories against Burnley, West Bromwich Albion and Bolton Wanderers were to put the side in the driving seat. But the end of October was to bring back-to-back defeats. Firstly, a 2-1 loss at the hands of Derby County dented hopes. What followed was a 2-0 home defeat, inflicted by Wolverhampton Wanderers. It was clear that the path to the title would be far more complicated this time around.

By the end of November, however, a run of six consecutive victories had given cause for optimism. A home draw with Blackburn Rovers, followed by a further home defeat (this time at the hands of Everton) meant that a return to form would be needed in the closing fixtures.

When Lincoln City arrived for an FA Cup tie in January, Preston duly triumphed 4-0. The cup campaign, at least, had started in an untroubled fashion. By mid-February dream of repeating the league and cup double were to be left in ruins, as Bolton Wanderers won 3-2 at Deepdale to dump Preston out of the cup.

Improved form in the run-in did, at least, allow the club to retain the league title. A 1-0 away win at Notts County enabled Preston to finish with 33 points, two ahead of Everton.

Having won the first two league titles available, Preston were to be forced to wait to see anything close to such glories. In the following 3 seasons, the side finished runners-up on each occasion (first to Everton and then twice to Sunderland). The 1891 season saw the team struggle for goals, with Hugh Gallacher top scoring, despite only recording 6 all year.

By 1894, the good times were rapidly disappearing from view. The team were defeated no fewer than 17 times that season, narrowly avoiding relegation. As Darwen and Newton Heath dropped out of the top flight, Preston were left to breathe something of a sigh of relief.

Despite a couple of better seasons, it was clear that the club were on a downward trajectory. In 1901, a dire season was to bring relegation to Division 2. Having taken only 25 points from 34 games, Preston were left to look up at former rivals.

Many expected Preston to bounce back, but their fall from grace wasn’t yet complete. In their first season in the Second Division, they simply couldn’t compete with eventual champions West Bromwich Albion and Middlesbrough, who were to finish 2nd. As well as missing out on promotion, the team were to be dumped out of the FA Cup by Manchester City, following defeat in a second replay.

The following year saw Preston finish in their lowest league position to date: 7th in the Second Division. Defeated on 11 separate occasions, Preston finished between Chesterfield and Barnsley in that year’s final table. The heady days of the title-winning sides seemed a long time ago.

But 1904 was to see something of an unexpected resurgence. Powered by top scorer Percy Smith’s 26 league goals, Preston were to take the Second Division by storm. Beaten on just 4 occasions during the season, they were to finish above Woolwich Arsenal and Manchester United. A return to the top table had been secured.


Football: Early history in brief

The history of football is not as clear as some would imagine. Variations of the game appear to have been played around the world for centuries, prior to England’s Football Association being formed in 1863.

There are accounts of some forms of the game having been played in China more than 1,000 years ago, although it would have looked like rather a different sport to that which we’re used to today. Early versions of the game were often somewhat violent and we know that, in London, to take one example, there were periods when the game was banned.

The game that we know today eventually emerged, it is widely agreed, from the British Isles. In reality, there were immense variations from one region to the next and we can see how multiple forms of the game emerged and persist to this day with the likes of Gaelic football, rugby union, rugby league and association football itself.

But there were even variations when it came to the rules of the game that we now know and love as being football. Even once the rules were finally agreed in 1863, there were still local differences. So, to take one example, the ball itself would have been of varying sizes and weights, depending upon where the match was to be played. Similarly, there was no agreed duration of a match until later.

In 1872, the first organised football cup competition was to take place. Known as the Football Association (FA) Cup, it remains in operation and is rightly cherished. The league championship commenced in 1888 and was, rather fittingly, first won by a Lancashire team: Preston North End. It’s not surprising that football remains such a key sport in this county.


About the Mid Lancashire Football League

The Mid Lancashire Football League is an affiliated league of the Lancashire Football Association. For the 2018/19 season, there are three divisions in operation, divided as follows:

Premier Division

AFC Anderton
Standish St Wilfrids
Southport & Ainsdale Amateurs
Bolton United
Preston Wanderers
Eccleston & Heskin

Division One

Hoole United
New Longton Rovers
Walmer Bridge
FC Bolton
Southport & Ainsdale Amateurs Reserves
Tarleton Corinthians

Division Two

Fleetwood Hesketh Herald
Walton Le dale
Standish St Wilfrids Reserves
Anchorsholme Reserves
Newman College Reserves
Walmer Bridge Reserves

In season 2017/18, The Premier Division was won by Southport & Ainsdale Amateurs, with the runners-up spot having been gained by Bolton United.

Meanwhile, in Division One, the champions were Anchorsholme. Runners up in Division One were Freckleton.

Division Two brought triumph for AFC Sherwood, with second place going to Appley Bridge. The season also saw a Third Division in operation, with the title there going to Tarleton Corinthians.

The Guildhall Cup competition was won by Southport & Ainsdale Amateurs, allowing them to complete a league and cup double. The runners-up in the cup competition were Preston Wanderers. This was the second season in succession that Southport & Ainsdale Amateurs managed to do the double. Their league title was sealed with a 3-0 away win at struggling Hoole United.

The 2017/18 cup final between Southport & Ainsdale Amateurs and Preston Wanderers turned out to be a surprisingly one-sided affair, with Preston Wanderers beaten 8-1 on the day. A Darren Brookfield hat-trick helped the eventual winners on their way.

The competition that is now known as the Mid Lancashire Football League was originally founded as the Preston & District League, starting life back in 1891.

The list of recent winners (Premier Division only) is shown below:

2018 – Southport & Ainsdale Amateurs
2017 – Southport & Ainsdale Amateurs
2016 – Southport & Ainsdale Amateurs
2015 – Preston Wanderers
2014 – Fulwood White Hart
2013 – Green Town
2012 – Leyland United
2011 – Burscough Richmond
2010 – Appley Bridge
2009 – Longridge Town
2008 – Preston Wanderers
2007 – Southport Trinity
2006 – Southport Trinity
2005 – Burscough Richmond
2004 – Southport Trinity
2003 – Burscough Richmond
2002 – Burscough Richmond
2001 – Samlesbury Brewery
2000 – Burscough Richmond
1999 – Whitbread Samlesbury
1998 – Burscough Richmond
1997 – Shake Vaults
1996 – Burscough Richmond
1995 – Burscough Richmond
1994 – Lonsdale
1993 – Lancashire Constabulary
1992 – Lancashire Constabulary
1991 – Lancashire Constabulary